Myopia has become a serious problem in some parts of Asia, with an increasing prevalence in the US and Europe.
On the third day of the EURETINA 2021 Virtual, experts provided updates and shared their knowledge on myopia prevention and treatment.
Genetics, lack of outdoor time, and other risk factors In her talk “Epidemiology and Risk Factors of Myopia”, Prof.
Seang Mei Saw from the National University of Singapore said that myopia and high myopia are very high in young adults in urban Asia — 96.54% in South Korea and 79.2% in Singapore1.
“Risk factors for myopia include lack of outdoor time, too much near work, genetics, and height ลาวสามัคคี วีไอพี.
An exponential rise is observed in individuals who started schooling after the 1980s, jumping to a high prevalence of over 80%,” shared Prof.
Saw. Studies on multivariate models found that time spent outdoors is protective of myopia.
“It is the amount of time that a child spends outdoors that protects him/ her from myopia, not so much the type of activity performed or the pattern of light exposure,” she stressed.
A meta-analysis performed by her team in regards to digital screen time and myopia did not find a positive association and further studies are required.
Further, Prof. Saw said that genetics play a role in myopia risk, noting that genetic studies have identified Myopia Management
new genes that implicate novel mechanisms, such as rod-and-cone bipolar synaptic neurotransmission, anterior-segment morphology, and angiogenesis.
Latest methods in myopia management Meanwhile, Prof. Andrzej Grzybowski from the University of Warmia
and Mazury, Poland, presented the conclusions of various recent studies and reviews on myopia control methods.
“Presently, we have two approaches for myopia control Myopia Management.
The pharmacology approach is based on different concentrations of atropine, while the optical approach uses orthokeratology
and peripheral defocus modifying contact lenses and glasses,” shared Prof. Grzybowski.
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